Last updated on October 9th, 2023
The G Major chord is one of the first chords you should know on guitar. Although this is a simple chord to learn, knowing different G chord variations gives you the flexibility to play it throughout the fretboard whenever needed.
Let’s first go over some basic chord theory and then cover 15 ways to play a G chord in guitar which you can start to incorporate to your playing.
Let’s get started.
G Major chord theory intro
For example, in a G Major scale, the notes G (1), B (3), and D (5) make up a G Major chord.
You can also think of the step formula for Major chords below.
In contrast, minor triad chords contain the chord tones 1, b3, and 5. For example, a G minor chord would contain the chord tones G, Bb, and D. However, we will only be covering the different Major chord variations in this post.
Now that you know what notes belong to the chord structure let’s look at how to read the chord charts.
How to read the chord charts
For the charts below:
- The top horizontal line of the chord chart represents the high E string and the bottom horizontal line represents the low E string.
- The vertical lines separate each fret.
- The numbers in the blue dots tell you which fingers to use on the fretting hand.
- The letters on the right of the charts tell you what notes you are playing on each string.
- Circles on the left represent open strings.
- Red X means to avoid that string.
You can check this link for more on how to read guitar notation symbols.
Open G chord
Here are two commonly used G Major chord shapes which are considered open chords, meaning that there are open strings included. You can choose the shape that feels most comfortable for you.
Easy G Major chord
This is the easiest way to play a G chord which only requires you to press down on the 1st string, 3rd fret with your 3rd finger (ring finger).
G chord on the 4th string
This shape comes from the open D Major chord except you have to rearrange your fingers as you add your 1st finger. This shape can feel uncomfortable when first learning it but you will get better at it as you keep reviewing it.
G triad chord
Another easy way I recommend learning this chord is by playing this other simple triad shape. This is very similar to an open C Major chord shape but you move your ring and middle finger down one string and shift the root note to the 5th fret on the 4th string.
The shape looks like this:
G triad chord (G/D)
This chord can be called G Major in 2nd inversion. This means that the 5th degree of the chord is in the bass. You can play it like this:
You can also check out this other post for more on how to play chord inversions on the guitar.
G chord with a mini barre
Another step you can take to make the G chord sound fuller is to play a mini barre on the 1st and 2nd strings. The mini barre can be hard at first but it will get easier as you continue to review this shape. The chord looks like this:
G chord barre on the 6th string
At this point, we’ve worked on different steps to take before getting to this chord because it requires more strength in your fretting hand.
Here is the chord:
Tip* If this chord is difficult to play, start the shape higher up on the fretboard. The tension of the strings is lighter as you press down on chords higher up the fretboard. Then you can gradually shift the shape down as you develop more strength in your hand.
You may also want to check out 5 tips to get better at playing barre chords on guitar.
G chord on the 5th string (without a barre)
For this chord, you have to make sure to not let the 1st string ring out. You can mute the 1st string letting the bottom part of your first finger lightly touch the string, but not press it down.
G barre chord on the 5th string
This chord is similar to the previous shape, except you are barring with your 1st finger. This is a common chord shape that will show up when looking up a G chord. This shape comes from the open A Major chord except you have to rearrange your fingers as you barre the 10th fret with your 1st finger.
If you can’t get the note on the 1st string to sound clear, you can play this chord without the barre and only play the notes from the 5th to the 2nd string as shown in the previous chart. You can come back to this chord shape as you develop more strength in your fretting hand.
G chord variation 5th string
This is another chord variation you can use starting on the 5th string. This shape uses your pinky so if you’re not used to using it, it can feel awkward at first. This is very similar to an open C Major chord shape except you have to rearrange your fingers when you add your pinky (4th finger).
The shape looks like this:
G chord variation with a mini barre
This is similar to the previous chord except you can use your first finger to barre the 1st string as well. It looks like this:
G Major chord spread shapes
The following chords are called spread shapes because of the wider space between some of the notes within the chord shape. Because these chord shapes skip a string, they are more suitable for a finger picking style of playing. You might also hear these chords in a more classical music context.
To go more in-depth, check out this post on how to play spread triad chords on the guitar.
G spread chord on the 6th string
G spread chord on the 5th string
G spread chord on the 4th string
All these chords were mostly in root position, meaning the root note is in the bass. However, you have even more variations if you use different chord inversions. This is when you play a chord with notes other than the root in the bass.
It’s good to know many possibilities of playing the same chord because you have more flexibility to move around the fretboard. Also, you can use different chord variations when you need a certain note at the top to help define a melody that you are playing over.
I hope this helped you understand how to play a G Major guitar chord or learn new ways of playing it. You can also try shifting the shapes that have all fretted notes to play other Major chords on the same string.
All the best,
JG Music Lessons